7 Causes of A Mouth Ulcer

Mouth ulcers or canker sores are painful patches found in the mouth area. The sores are caused by everything from mouth disorders and biting the cheeks to using wrong braces or poor fitting dentures. If untreated, a manageable traumatic ulcer can easily develop into more serious recurrent aphthous stomatitis. According Medical News Today, mouth ulcers are generally classified as Minor ulcers, Herpetiform Ulceration (HU) and Major ulcers. Herpetiform Ulceration is a form of aphthous ulcer, whose spores closely resemble those of herpes. However, the Herpetiform ulcer recurs faster and is non-contagious. The minor ulcers come in different sizes averaging between 2mm to 8mm. It typically takes 2 weeks to recover from minor ulcers.

The major ulcers are characteristically irregular and much larger in appearance. Although treatment for major ulcer may take a few weeks, it is likely to leave behind scars once healed. It is important to point that the pain emanating from mouth ulcers may be worsened by factors like poor oral hygiene and eating certain foods and acidic fluids. High concentrations of acids in Citrus fruits like grapefruits and lemons can cause canker sores inside the cheeks and lips as well the base of the gums. On the overall, the main symptoms of mouth ulcer include painful sores on the tongue, roof of the mouth and cheeks, swollen glands and extreme fever. According to Health Service Executive resource, the main causes of mouth ulcers include:

1. Quitting Smoking

Smoking and quitting smoking both have a way of affecting the oral cavity. Quitting smoking can cause a person to develop mouth ulcers because the decision forces the body to react to the changes brought by chemical imbalance. The ulceration caused by quitting the cigarette is temporary and shouldn’t discourage the quitter from giving up the habit. In terms of benefits, quitting smoking can reduce the risk of contracting smoking related illnesses such as lung cancer and heart disease. In case of the latter, quitting can lower the levels of cholesterol in the body, thin the blood and more importantly, decrease the risk of contracting heart diseases.