7 Causes of Eczema

What is Eczema?

Atopic dermatitis, more commonly known as eczema, is a medical condition that causes skin inflammation, redness, irritation, and itching. It often occurs alongside other conditions including hay fever and asthma. It can occur anywhere on your body, but the most common places are hands, feet, and in the bend of your knees or elbows. Infants and children tend to break out on the face and scalp. Athletes are likely to get it on their neck and upper chest areas. Some people even get breakouts on their eyelids or on their wrists and ankles.

Flare Ups vs Breakouts

Eczema is a chronic disease. So far, no cure has been found but there are many ways to treat the symptoms as well as the underlying causes. Infants may be born with atopic dermatitis. Others experience their first breakout after some triggering event. Some people get occasional breakouts that completely clear up with proper medical treatment or self-care techniques. Others constantly struggle with eczema present and have to work hard to prevent flare ups that cause their symptoms to get worse, even interrupting their daily lives. Here is a closer look at the 7 most common causes of eczema.

1. Genetics

Can you inherit eczema from your parents? Genetics and heredity can play a role in your risk, but exactly how it manifests is not clear. Recent genetic studies have linked 31 genetic variants to atopic dermatitis. The same study also found other gene combinations that are related to the disease. The medical community knows that having a family history of the condition places individuals at higher risk of developing it. It is also clear that a family history of allergies, allergic rhinitis, or asthma can also put you at risk for developing the condition.