7 Treatments of Torn Meniscus

The meniscus of the knee is the cartilage that functions as a cushion between the thighbone and shinbone. There are two menisci in each knee. The meniscus can be damaged or torn during certain types of sports. Any activity that puts pressure on the knee joint can tear the meniscus. Damage can also occur when the knee joint is forcefully twisted or rotated. Sports that can increase your risk for meniscus tears include football, basketball, soccer, or tennis. Meniscus tears are common in children because they participate in a variety of sports from a young age. Meniscus weakens as we age, so tears occur more frequently in people over the age of 30. Joints become more stiff as we age because of wear and tear. When an older person experiences a meniscus tear, it’s usually because of degeneration. Signs of a meniscus tear include a popping sound around your knee joint and pain in the area. Your knee may appear swollen and feel very weak. Movement involving the affected knee may become difficult, especially when full range of motion is required. Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the injury and how many menisci are damaged. Self-care at home may be sufficient for minor damage. More severe damage may require surgery.

1. Therapies

There are different therapies to treat a torn meniscus. Physical therapy is beneficial in many ways. It can ease the pain and reduce swelling and stiffness. This type of therapy can strengthen the muscles around the area and increase your knee mobility and stability. Physical therapy is often used as a treatment early on to try and avoid surgery. It’s a more conservative approach to a torn meniscus. The location, length, and direction of the tear will dictate the effectiveness of physical therapy. If the meniscus is worn down due to age or osteoarthritis, physical therapy may be as effective as surgery. Stem cell therapies are also being used to treat damaged menisci. This treatment involves the injection of stem cells into the injured knee to help heal damaged tissue. This therapy is new and still considered experimental in some countries. It’s not covered by most insurance companies. Although this type of therapy is promising, the long-term effects and potential to completely heal a torn meniscus are unknown. Surgery may be unavoidable in certain cases where the damage is too severe or the knee is locking up.