6 Signs of Osteopenia

Osteopenia is a disorder where your bone density is below the normal spectrum but is not severe enough to be diagnosed as osteoporosis. Bone density is a way of measuring how strong our bones are. Less dense bones are more susceptible to breaking. Bones naturally become thinner as we age, so you are more likely to develop osteopenia if you are an older adult. Other things that make it more likely for you to develop osteopenia is a diet low in calcium, being a smoker, and being a woman. It is possible for certain medications and diseases to make you more susceptible as well.

This disorder is considered to be a precursor to osteoporosis, but it is not a certainty that you will develop it if diagnosed with osteopenia. If you’re worried you might have osteopenia, it is important to make an appointment with your doctor for proper diagnosis. The most common way to diagnose this disorder is with a bone density test. The most common method of diagnosing the disorder is via a DXA, which is an acronym for dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. This procedure is painless and should be able to be administered by your doctor or a recommended specialist.

1. No Symptoms

The most common signs and symptoms for osteopenia is, unfortunately, no signs or symptoms. This makes catching the disorder in its early stages difficult. In the early stages of the disorder when your bone density is just beginning to thin, it is unlikely that you will notice anything out of the ordinary. Because of this, doctors recommend that people, especially women, over the age of 65 should get routine bone density scans in order to catch the disorder in the earliest stages.

Treatment may include adding calcium rich food to your diet, certain medications to help absorption of calcium, medication to protect the current bone density from thinning further, and exercise. You’re doctor will be able to prescribe a treatment plan that works for your individual needs, and you should set up and appointment if you’re worried about bone density disorders like osteopenia.