6 Symptoms of Hematologic Disease

Hematologic diseases are disorders that occur when your blood and the organs that produce it are not working correctly. Blood is made up of living tissue formed from solids and liquids. Plasma, a liquid containing protein, water, and salts, makes up over half. The rest comes from a solid made up of platelets, white blood cells, and red blood cells. Blood disorders may be chronic or acute, as well as inherited or acquired. They may also be caused by a lack of certain nutrients, by the effects of medications, or by other diseases.

Blood diseases include clotting or breathing problems; platelet disorders; anemia; blood cancers, such as leukemia and myeloma; venous thrombosis, and eosinophilic disorders, which are related to one type of white blood cell. HIV-related illnesses, sickle-cell disease, complications from chemotherapy, and some genetic disorders are also hematologic illnesses. These conditions affect the peripheral and central nervous systems.

Hematologists are medical doctors who have been trained to diagnose and treat blood disorders. They usually recommend laboratory tests based on symptoms or results from a physical examination, but some blood disorders are accidentally discovered during routine tests or while testing for other illnesses. A doctor who suspects a disorder usually orders a complete blood count, or CBC, to make a specific diagnosis.

1. Fatigue

Fatigue is defined as tiredness that will not go away and interferes with daily activities, causing a constant, debilitating lack of energy. It’s normal to feel tired when you are recovering from the flu or you have stayed up all night studying for exams, but you should not wake up feeling that way every day, especially if you are getting enough sleep at night. Exhaustion can be a result of illnesses like anemia, depression, fibromyalgia, and allergic rhinitis.

Although other blood disorders can cause fatigue, anemia is usually the culprit. Anemia comes from having too few red blood cells and is especially common among women of childbearing age. Anemia may come from other illnesses, such as stomach problems; hemorrhoids; diabetes; cancer; or a deficiency of folic acid, B12, or iron. Taking NSAIDS like ibuprofen or naproxen may also cause anemia if they cause the stomach to bleed.

If you have anemia, your doctor will test to see what is causing it. If the cause is a deficiency in iron, you will probably be told to take iron supplements or eat a diet that is rich in iron. Foods with a lot of iron include broccoli, spinach, and red meat. Adding vitamin C to your diet usually makes it easier for your body to absorb the iron you need, and it reduces your fatigue.