7 Symptoms of Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria transmitted by a tick bite. Other names for Lyme disease are borreliosis or Bannwarth syndrome. There are four kinds of bacteria that can cause the disease. Two species, Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii, are found in the United States, and another two, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are found in Europe and Asia. The black-legged tick, commonly known as a deer tick, contracts the disease from biting diseased mice or deer. In addition to Lyme disease, they can also transmit other disease-causing bacteria, viruses, and parasites, which are referred to as coinfections.

One of the first signs of the disease is a red rash appearing anywhere on your body, from 3 to 30 days after being bitten, and sometimes appearing as a bull’s-eye or oval shape. If you notice this, take a picture and seek medical attention as soon as possible. It’s important to get treatment right away, as early treatment with antibiotics is usually successful, and most people will have a quick and complete recovery. The bacteria move swiftly through the central nervous system and other areas of the body, such as the joints and heart, so the longer treatment is delayed, the more difficult it becomes to treat.

1. Joint Pain

Joint pain is one of the main symptoms of Lyme Disease, and about two thirds of the people that experience this symptom will have their first occurrence within six months of infection. The joints may become inflamed and feel warm. The pain may be sporadic and move to different parts of the body. The pain may be severe at times, and affect more than one joint. The larger joints are often most affected. You may suffer knee pain one day, and then neck pain during another. You could develop bursitis, which is painful inflammation of the area or cushion, between bones and surrounding tissues. Joint pain is often associated with Lyme disease and this should be considered when investigating potential causes, as most people attribute joint issues to age or a sports injury instead.