8 Signs of B Virus

Cercopithecine herpesvirus or B virus is thought to be a natural host among Macaque monkeys. Though they are carriers of this viral condition, they are usually asymptomatic until they reach adulthood. The only way that this disease can be transmitted is through bodily fluids during an active viral shedding period. Though this disorder is common in primates, this infection is tremendously rare among humans. However, when a human is infected with B virus, it can cause severe brain damage. If the condition is not caught in a timely manner, then the patient can die.

The most common way that a human can contract this virus is through a bite, scratch, or some other mucosal contact with an infected animal. There is also a case of human-to-human transmission in Pensacola, Florida. Consequently, transmission in any way is highly unlikely and should not be feared. Anyone who works around these animals should be cautious as the virus can live on the surface of objects, like a syringe, for many hours. A study was conducted involving 300 employees that worked with the Macaque monkeys. Of these 300 staff members, 166 felt that they may have been contaminated with the virus. Upon further examination, all tested negative.

Being infected with this condition leaves little time to get treatment. Thankfully, there are some signs that the B virus is present. Getting help in the initial stages can save a life. Here are the most common symptoms of this illness:

1. Vesicular Skin Lesions

Most people who contracted B virus have been bitten or have had mucosal contact with a monkey. It only makes sense when they see small lesions form around the bite area. If a person is not sure where the contact occurred on the body, these lesions can be mistaken for things like heat rash or chicken pox. Also, the small bumps can spread beyond the contact area to cover a larger surface.

These small blisters form under the first layer of skin, which is known as the epidermis. The liquid or air pushes through the surface to form a blister that is quite noticeable and uncomfortable. Though they are annoying, the blisters are quite fragile. They can easily break and disperse the liquid inside to the surrounding skin. When it comes to size, the lesions measure anywhere from a half of a centimeter up to a whole centimeter.

Upon infection, these lesions can form in 24-48 hours. Since death can come in three weeks upon contraction, any sign of blisters around a bite zone is a cause for alarm. A fluid sample or biopsy of the skin can be conducted to confirm the cause of the blisters.