8 Symptoms of Endometriosis

Endometriosis, also known as “Endo,” is a medical condition where the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus rather than inside it. The name comes from the endometrium, the tissue that normally lines the uterus. This tissue can also grow on other areas of the body. Most commonly, it’s found on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, tissues that hold the uterus in place, and the outer surface of the uterus.

But it can also be found on or in the cervix, vulva, vagina, bladder, bowel, or rectum. In rare instances, it can also be found on the skin, brain, or lungs. Endometriosis affects more than 11% of American women between the ages of 15 and 44. Most commonly, it is found in women in their 30s and 40s, and they often have difficulty getting pregnant as a result of it. There are a variety of symptoms, including pain, bleeding or spotting between periods, digestive issues, and infertility.

1. Lower abdomen pain

Lower abdomen pain is a common sign of endometriosis. This pain is typically felt with periods, but can be felt at other times, like ovulation, as well. Lower abdominal pain may be felt in the center of the abdomen, or it may be on one or both sides. It can also radiate to the lower back, rectum, or thighs, and can lead to pelvic pain when making certain movements or sudden actions.

Lower abdomen pain may also be accompanied by nausea, intestinal cramping, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, or dizziness.

There is no one description of the pain level. It has been described as any of the following: dull, deep, burning, stabbing, persistent, gnawing or grinding, among others. The pain may be intermittent or continuous, but it often occurs before and during menstruation, and during or after sexual activity. The location and level of pain does not indicate the extent of the growth of endometrial tissue. Women with lots of growth may have no symptoms, while women with very little growth can have severe signs. A lot of women describe the pain as being something that interferes with daily life, or that they have to plan life around their periods to account for the pain.