7 Treatments of Menopause

Menopause marks the end of fertility and menstruation. It occurs a year after the last menstrual period. Transitioning to menopause starts at the mid-30’s, but most women get there in their late 40’s and early 50’s. For some women, it comes early because of various health conditions that include cancer treatment, surgical removal of ovaries, and eating disorders.

Menopause results from hormonal changes in the body particularly reproductive hormones like estrogen, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone. There are multiple treatment options for menopause discussed in detail below:

1. Hormonal Replacement Therapy

This is a medical procedure that involves the use of female hormones (progesterone and estrogen) to treat menopause symptoms and aging. Progesterone is added to protect women who have a uterus against uterine cancer. This is because when you take progesterone, you increase the risk of uterine cancer (lining of the uterus). Thus, it is prescribed to lower the risk through thinning the lining. However, some risks linked to this treatment option include heart disease, blood clots, and breast cancer.

It is advisable to take a low dose of hormonal therapy and for a short period. This is because hormones swallowed in the form of pills increase these risks as compared to hormones which you take in other forms. Your doctor will inquire about your medical and personal history. This will help decide whether the benefits you get are worth the risks.